About Caucasian Dagestan Antique Oriental Rugs - An Introduction by Nejad Rugs ...

Antique Dagestan Oriental Rugs


The northeastern Caucasian district of Dagestan, or Daghestan, and its capital city Makhachkala produced rugs that often included a central field featuring repeated geometric figures in a trellis-like - or diamond - pattern (sometimes striped) flanked by a series of symmetrical geometric-patterned borders. Principal rug color schemes were blue, yellow and white with weave density ranging from coarse to moderately coarse i.e. 50 - 100 Turkish knots per square inch.

The above richly-decorated handmade Transcaucasus Dagestan antique carpet is currently being offered by Nejad Rugs.

The Antique Dagestan Rug

This example (below) of an antique carpet produced in Daghestan circa 1890 shows a similar lattice work design or Trellis-like pattern (in the field of the rug) as the above rug, and the more typical diagonal shaped figures (often bars) in the larger border band.

The Rug-Producing Region of Dagestan

The republic of Daghestan (now Russia) is situated in the North Caucasus mountains and is bordered on its eastern side by the Caspian Sea and to the south by Azerbaijan. Predominantly mountainous, it is a land rich in natural resources including oil, natural gas, coal, and many other minerals. Although the name Dagestan literally means Land of Mountains, with over 1,800 rivers and 250 miles of coastline along the Caspian, it is also a land with an abundant supply of mineral-rich water.


With a population of 3 million Dagestan is Russia's most heterogeneous, ethnically-diverse republic that, although Russian is the official language, features more than 30 commonly-spoken local languages. Prominent among these languages (and groups) are the Avar, Dargin, Kumyk, Lezgian, Laks, Azerbaijani, Tabasaran and Chechen. For all its diversity Daghestan remains, politically - volatile.

An illustrated chart originally published in 1855 portraying the features of Caucasian racial types. It is interesting to note
the similarity of the Shirvan Tartar (on the right) to the Dagestan man in the photo (above, holding sword).

The above chart displays the diversity of ethnic groups of Daghestan.

Currently Nejad is offering the following antique Dagestan carpets for sale: Caucasian Dagestan

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French Aubusson Antique Tapestry - after Francois Boucher  

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