The Antique Turkish Hereke Oriental Rug
Hereke, a coastal city at the northern edge of Izmit Bay, near Istanbul, is the site of a Turkish royal carpet manufactory that flourished in the 19th century. Staffed with Persian weavers, Hereke produced beautiful, very-finely woven silk carpets of essentially Persian design with all-over floral patterns using metallic threads. These special carpets represent the pinnacle of the Turkish carpet weaving tradition.
Antique Hereke Carpets
Known not only for for their elegance and refinement of pattern but meticulous detail and construction these carpets - typically rendered in pastel colors incorporating cloud bands and flowers and/or leaves growing out of urns - could be compared to that of the Persian Kerman rug in appearance. The materials used in production were cotton, wool, silk, and sometimes gold and/or silver thread, with some rugs having a knot density of over 1 million knots per square meter (3 feet, 3.37 inches). A unique double-weft construction method, whereby each knot is tied a second time using a Turkish knot, made these carpets exceptionally durable.
The Rug-Producing Region of Hereke
Hereke is a town in Kocaeli province, Turkey, located to the north of the Gulf of Izmit near Istanbul - famed for Hereke carpets. Hereke is a unique weaving center of approx. 20,000 people located at the northern edge of Izmit Bay, near Istanbul. Hereke is recognized for producing some of the finest hand-knotted carpets in the world. Sultan Abdulmecid, Ottoman Emperor, established the Hereke Imperial Factory in 1843 to produce carpets, fabric, upholstery and curtains exclusively for the Ottoman Court. Additionally, in 1920, a state-run carpet-making school was established.
According to expert Barry J. O'Connell the difference between a genuine Hereke silk rug and an imitation Chinese-made Hereke copy can be observed in the selvedge of the rug in 2 ways:
An oversimplification of this method to detect the difference would be that the Chinese copy has no visible construction seams on the edges while the genuine Hereke does have a visible construction seamline
Currently Nejad is offering the following antique Hereke: #2274 Hereke
Nejad Rugs is a designer, manufacturer and importer of fine Oriental carpets