About Antique Persian Serapi Oriental Rugs
Although both renowned for their bold elegance and somewhat formal geolinear patterns, it could be said that the Serapi antique rug is more finely featured and with a finer weave (higher knot density) and a more-subtle color palette than the Heriz rug. These rug styles - both Serapi and Heriz - are popular in the west and are often used in formal and official settings such as the interiors of government buildings in the United States of America (i.e. the Capitol Building, Washington D.C.). Although from a similar template - Heriz rugs typically are more rough-hewn with a less-refined weave and stronger contrast overall than the Serapi rug. Both of their names are westernized versions of their nearby places of origin - Heris (more rural) and Sarab (more metropolitan).
Serapi VS Heriz
Both Heriz and Serapi rugs can be readily identified by their rectilinear designs and highly stylized geometric detailing that often features a pure blue or blue and ivory large medallion on a field of deep red or terracotta. Within a knot range of 30 - 100 KPSI - Heriz on the lower end, Serapi the higher - antique Heriz rugs are usually coarser and sturdier, with bolder colors and somewhat more-angular and compact-looking woven detail while Serapi design is typically finer, less rigid looking and more spacious and open by comparison. Additionally, some scholars, do not acknowledge that there's enough difference to justify the existence of 2 separate rug categories - esp. since some workshops may have been producing both types simultaneously at around the turn of the century.
Although Heriz rugs were being mass-produced by the 1920s, Heriz rug production is a relatively recent - late 19th century - development that was triggered by the need to accelerate the rate of production in order to meet the ever-increasing western demand with a popular-grade product based on a proven model - the Serapi rug.
"The shaded light rust field with angular palmettes
and hooked leaves around large stepped
A city rich in history and renowned for its rugmaking, Sarab is the capital of Sarab County, East Azerbaijan Province, northwest Iran, and with a population of nearly 50,000 is nearly 5 × larger than Heris.
The current market value of an antique Serapi - or Heriz - may be determined by factors such as singularity and uniqueness - namely rarity! Add intangibles such as aesthetic appeal, and artistic merit - not excluding technical considerations such as quality of materials and weave density - and last but not least - overall condition! - the selling price at auction can range from several hundreds (for a more common type) to the tens of thousands of dollars for the exceptional 1-of-a-kind piece.
Though the design motifs are similar to those in Heriz rugs - both of which were produced in the 19th Century in the same region - Serapi are typically more subtle in both color and design featuring more curvelinear patterns - rendered in terracotta reds, ivories, soft blues, pinks and light greens. These rugs have historically been the carpet of choice in early American state and federal buildings, including the White House.
The highly sought-after Antique Serapi carpets have become increasingly difficult to find in the market. Comparatively rare due to more limited quantities produced, these rugs are typically of finer quality than the Heriz rug, and hence, usually command a higher market price at auction.
Currently Nejad is offering the following antique Serapi rugs for sale: